如何创建 WebRTC 会话一

时间:2021-7-3 作者:qvyue

WebRTC 是一套基于 Web 的实时通信解决方案,通过浏览器内置的 API 来支持音视频通道的搭建。

简而言之,先在信令通道协商出彼此的媒体和通信参数, 再通过媒体通道来传输音视频媒体数据。

JavaScrpt 中用到的三个主要的对象有:

  • MediaStream 获取和渲染音频和视频流
  • RTCPeerConnection 支持音频和视频媒体数据通信
  • RTCDataChannel 支持应用级的数据通信

对于媒体传输层,WebRTC 规定了用 ICE/STUN/TURN 来连通,用 DTLS 来协商 SRTP 密钥,用 SRTP 来传输媒体数据, 用 SCTP 来传输应用数据。

而在信令层,WebRTC 并未指定,各个应用可以用自己喜欢的信令协议来进行媒体协商,一般都是用 SDP 来通过 HTTP, WebSocket 或 SIP 协议承载具体的媒体会话描述。

如果我们要进行视频聊天, 最基本的呼叫流程大致如下:

如何创建 WebRTC 会话一
WebRTC flow
  1. 收集本地的媒体源(麦克风,摄像头)作为 MediaStream 媒体流
  2. 两个对端彼此创建信令通道,交换会话描述信息 SDP
  3. 通过信令通过来交换彼此的会话描述信息 SDP
  4. 通过 ICE/STUN/TURN 协议,协商出可连通的 Candidate Pair(候选者对) 来创建 PeerConnection
  5. PeerConnection 创建好后,通过SRTP来封装音视频数据进行传输

简单来说通信的双方需要了解两块信息

  1. ICE 候选者 ICE Candidates:包括可用来通信的地址信息
  2. 会话描述信息 Session Description: 包括媒体种类,编码,格式等等。

ICE的全称是” Interactive Connectivity Establishment ” 即交互式连接的建立: 一个用于网络地址转换穿越的协议

大致的流程如下, Alice 想要和 Bob 在网上聊天(包括文字,语音和视频),需要经过这些步骤, 看起来很复杂,我们一步细细分解来说

如何创建 WebRTC 会话一
call flow example

举两个例子

  1. 本地对等连接 Local Peer Connection
  2. 远程对等连接 Remote Peer Connection

1. 本地对等连接

  • 详细代码参见 https://github.com/walterfan/webrtc_primer/blob/main/examples/local_peer_connection.html
    主要功能就是放置四个按钮和两个 video 元素



//... 省略引入的 css 和 js 文件




Click the button to open or close connection


SDP Semantics: Default Unified Plan Plan B
                           interface RTCOfferAnswerOptions {
                                voiceActivityDetection?: boolean;
                           }
                           interface RTCOfferOptions extends RTCOfferAnswerOptions {
                                iceRestart?: boolean;
                                offerToReceiveAudio?: boolean;
                                offerToReceiveVideo?: boolean;
                            }
                       

  • https://github.com/walterfan/webrtc_primer/blob/main/examples/js/local_peer_connection_demo.js
'use strict';

const startButton = document.getElementById('startButton');
const stopButton = document.getElementById('stopButton');
const callButton = document.getElementById('callButton');
const hangupButton = document.getElementById('hangupButton');

const sdpButton = document.getElementById('sdpButton');
const outputTextarea = document.querySelector('textarea#output');

stopButton.disabled = true;
callButton.disabled = true;
hangupButton.disabled = true;

startButton.addEventListener('click', start);
stopButton.addEventListener('click', stop);
callButton.addEventListener('click', call);
hangupButton.addEventListener('click', hangup);

sdpButton.addEventListener('click', displaySdp);

let startTime;
const localVideo = document.getElementById('localVideo');
const remoteVideo = document.getElementById('remoteVideo')

localVideo.addEventListener('loadedmetadata', function() {
  console.log(`Local video videoWidth: ${this.videoWidth}px,  videoHeight: ${this.videoHeight}px`);
});

remoteVideo.addEventListener('loadedmetadata', function() {
  console.log(`Remote video videoWidth: ${this.videoWidth}px,  videoHeight: ${this.videoHeight}px`);
});

remoteVideo.addEventListener('resize', () => {
  console.log(`Remote video size changed to ${remoteVideo.videoWidth}x${remoteVideo.videoHeight}`);
  // We'll use the first onsize callback as an indication that video has started
  // playing out.
  if (startTime) {
    const elapsedTime = window.performance.now() - startTime;
    console.log('Setup time: ' + elapsedTime.toFixed(3) + 'ms');
    startTime = null;
  }
});

let localStream;
let pc1;
let pc2;

const offerOptions = {
  offerToReceiveAudio: 1,
  offerToReceiveVideo: 1,
  iceRestart:true,
  voiceActivityDetection: true
};



function getName(pc) {
  return (pc === pc1) ? 'pc1' : 'pc2';
}

function getOtherPc(pc) {
  return (pc === pc1) ? pc2 : pc1;
}

//start the video stream

async function start() {
  console.log('Requesting local stream');
  startButton.disabled = true;
  stopButton.disabled = false;
  try {
    const stream = await navigator.mediaDevices.getUserMedia({audio: true, video: true});
    weblog('Received local stream');
    localVideo.srcObject = stream;
    localStream = stream;
    callButton.disabled = false;
  } catch (e) {
    alert(`getUserMedia() error: ${e.name}`);
  }
}

  function stop(e) {
        const stream = localVideo.srcObject;
        const tracks = stream.getTracks();
        e.target.disabled = true;
        startButton.disabled = false;
        callButton.disabled = true;
        tracks.forEach(function(track) {
            track.stop();
        });
    
        localVideo.srcObject = null;
    }

  
  function getSelectedSdpSemantics() {
    const sdpSemanticsSelect = document.querySelector('#sdpSemantics');
    const option = sdpSemanticsSelect.options[sdpSemanticsSelect.selectedIndex];
    return option.value === '' ? {} : {sdpSemantics: option.value};
  }

  //call the remote peer
  async function call() {
    callButton.disabled = true;
    hangupButton.disabled = false;
    weblog('Starting call');
    startTime = window.performance.now();
    const videoTracks = localStream.getVideoTracks();
    const audioTracks = localStream.getAudioTracks();
    if (videoTracks.length > 0) {
      weblog(`Using video device: ${videoTracks[0].label}`);
    }
    if (audioTracks.length > 0) {
      weblog(`Using audio device: ${audioTracks[0].label}`);
    }
    const configuration = getSelectedSdpSemantics();
    weblog('RTCPeerConnection configuration:', configuration);
    pc1 = new RTCPeerConnection(configuration);
    weblog('Created local peer connection object pc1');
    pc1.addEventListener('icecandidate', e => onIceCandidate(pc1, e));
    pc2 = new RTCPeerConnection(configuration);
    weblog('Created remote peer connection object pc2');
    pc2.addEventListener('icecandidate', e => onIceCandidate(pc2, e));
    pc1.addEventListener('iceconnectionstatechange', e => onIceStateChange(pc1, e));
    pc2.addEventListener('iceconnectionstatechange', e => onIceStateChange(pc2, e));
    pc2.addEventListener('track', gotRemoteStream);
  
    localStream.getTracks().forEach(track => pc1.addTrack(track, localStream));
    weblog('Added local stream to pc1');
  
    try {
      weblog('pc1 createOffer start');
      const offer = await pc1.createOffer(offerOptions);
      await onCreateOfferSuccess(offer);
    } catch (e) {
      onCreateSessionDescriptionError(e);
    }
  }
  

  function onCreateSessionDescriptionError(error) {
    console.log(`Failed to create session description: ${error.toString()}`);
  }
  
  async function onCreateOfferSuccess(desc) {
    weblog(`Offer from pc1n${desc.sdp}`);
    weblog('pc1 setLocalDescription start');
    try {
      await pc1.setLocalDescription(desc);
      onSetLocalSuccess(pc1);
    } catch (e) {
      onSetSessionDescriptionError();
    }
  
    weblog('pc2 setRemoteDescription start');
    try {
      await pc2.setRemoteDescription(desc);
      onSetRemoteSuccess(pc2);
    } catch (e) {
      onSetSessionDescriptionError();
    }
  
    weblog('pc2 createAnswer start');
    // Since the 'remote' side has no media stream we need
    // to pass in the right constraints in order for it to
    // accept the incoming offer of audio and video.
    try {
      const answer = await pc2.createAnswer();
      await onCreateAnswerSuccess(answer);
    } catch (e) {
      onCreateSessionDescriptionError(e);
    }
  }
  
  function onSetLocalSuccess(pc) {
    weblog(`${getName(pc)} setLocalDescription complete`);
  }
  
  function onSetRemoteSuccess(pc) {
    weblog(`${getName(pc)} setRemoteDescription complete`);
  }
  
  function onSetSessionDescriptionError(error) {
    weblog(`Failed to set session description: ${error.toString()}`);
  }
  
  function gotRemoteStream(e) {
    if (remoteVideo.srcObject !== e.streams[0]) {
      remoteVideo.srcObject = e.streams[0];
      weblog('pc2 received remote stream');
    }
  }
  
  async function onCreateAnswerSuccess(desc) {
    weblog(`Answer from pc2:n${desc.sdp}`);
    weblog('pc2 setLocalDescription start');
    try {
      await pc2.setLocalDescription(desc);
      onSetLocalSuccess(pc2);
    } catch (e) {
      onSetSessionDescriptionError(e);
    }
    console.log('pc1 setRemoteDescription start');
    try {
      await pc1.setRemoteDescription(desc);
      onSetRemoteSuccess(pc1);
    } catch (e) {
      onSetSessionDescriptionError(e);
    }
  }
  
  async function onIceCandidate(pc, event) {
    try {
      await (getOtherPc(pc).addIceCandidate(event.candidate));
      onAddIceCandidateSuccess(pc);
    } catch (e) {
      onAddIceCandidateError(pc, e);
    }
    console.log(`${getName(pc)} ICE candidate:n${event.candidate ? event.candidate.candidate : '(null)'}`);
  }
  
  function onAddIceCandidateSuccess(pc) {
    weblog(`${getName(pc)} addIceCandidate success`);
  }
  
  function onAddIceCandidateError(pc, error) {
    weblog(`${getName(pc)} failed to add ICE Candidate: ${error.toString()}`);
  }
  
  function onIceStateChange(pc, event) {
    if (pc) {
      weblog(`${getName(pc)} ICE state: ${pc.iceConnectionState}`);
      weblog('ICE state change event: ', event);
    }
  }
  
  function hangup() {
    weblog('Ending call');
    pc1.close();
    pc2.close();
    pc1 = null;
    pc2 = null;
    hangupButton.disabled = true;
    callButton.disabled = false;
  }

  async function displaySdp() {
    const configuration = getSelectedSdpSemantics();

    let peerConnection = new RTCPeerConnection(configuration);
    const offer = await peerConnection.createOffer(offerOptions);
    await peerConnection.setLocalDescription(offer);
    outputTextarea.value = offer.sdp;
  }

整个程序实现可以在这里访问
https://www.fanyamin.com/webrtc/examples/local_peer_connection.html

如何创建 WebRTC 会话一

我在页面了把整个连接的步骤打印了出来

[49.461] Received local stream
[72.743] Starting call
[72.743] Using video device: USB Video Device (046d:081d)
[72.743] Using audio device: 默认 - 麦克风 (USB Audio Device) (046d:081d)
[72.743] RTCPeerConnection configuration:
[72.745] Created local peer connection object pc1
[72.746] Created remote peer connection object pc2
[72.746] Added local stream to pc1
[72.747] pc1 createOffer start
[72.765] Offer from pc1 v=0 o=- 8212739043455445815 2 IN IP4 127.0.0.1 s=- t=0 0 a=group:BUNDLE 0 1 a=msid-semantic: WMS xlhFA5NOFj9VpQ7Z1ylg9jmfNytu6l7jTKhQ m=audio 9 UDP/TLS/RTP/SAVPF 111 103 104 9 0 8 106 105 13 110 112 113 126 c=IN IP4 0.0.0.0 a=rtcp:9 IN IP4 0.0.0.0 a=ice-ufrag:nTn7 a=ice-pwd:1XyHlJ5xBTJ7NBuU5Y5mBqCn a=ice-options:trickle a=fingerprint:sha-256 51:62:BB:13:05:A7:38:05:47:78:BA:70:A6:A7:64:29:6C:45:00:AC:B3:7F:92:45:80:F5:5A:4B:10:7A:36:42 a=setup:actpass a=mid:0 a=extmap:1 urn:ietf:params:rtp-hdrext:ssrc-audio-level a=extmap:2 http://www.webrtc.org/experiments/rtp-hdrext/abs-send-time a=extmap:3 http://www.ietf.org/id/draft-holmer-rmcat-transport-wide-cc-extensions-01 a=extmap:4 urn:ietf:params:rtp-hdrext:sdes:mid a=extmap:5 urn:ietf:params:rtp-hdrext:sdes:rtp-stream-id a=extmap:6 urn:ietf:params:rtp-hdrext:sdes:repaired-rtp-stream-id a=sendrecv a=msid:xlhFA5NOFj9VpQ7Z1ylg9jmfNytu6l7jTKhQ 2cbf5334-0e08-4985-817f-a666c35b633b a=rtcp-mux a=rtpmap:111 opus/48000/2 a=rtcp-fb:111 transport-cc a=fmtp:111 minptime=10;useinbandfec=1 a=rtpmap:103 ISAC/16000 a=rtpmap:104 ISAC/32000 a=rtpmap:9 G722/8000 a=rtpmap:0 PCMU/8000 a=rtpmap:8 PCMA/8000 a=rtpmap:106 CN/32000 a=rtpmap:105 CN/16000 a=rtpmap:13 CN/8000 a=rtpmap:110 telephone-event/48000 a=rtpmap:112 telephone-event/32000 a=rtpmap:113 telephone-event/16000 a=rtpmap:126 telephone-event/8000 a=ssrc:2931786518 cname:JVCgjci5cC/oQHwi a=ssrc:2931786518 msid:xlhFA5NOFj9VpQ7Z1ylg9jmfNytu6l7jTKhQ 2cbf5334-0e08-4985-817f-a666c35b633b a=ssrc:2931786518 mslabel:xlhFA5NOFj9VpQ7Z1ylg9jmfNytu6l7jTKhQ a=ssrc:2931786518 label:2cbf5334-0e08-4985-817f-a666c35b633b m=video 9 UDP/TLS/RTP/SAVPF 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 121 127 120 125 107 108 109 124 119 123 118 114 115 116 c=IN IP4 0.0.0.0 a=rtcp:9 IN IP4 0.0.0.0 a=ice-ufrag:nTn7 a=ice-pwd:1XyHlJ5xBTJ7NBuU5Y5mBqCn a=ice-options:trickle a=fingerprint:sha-256 51:62:BB:13:05:A7:38:05:47:78:BA:70:A6:A7:64:29:6C:45:00:AC:B3:7F:92:45:80:F5:5A:4B:10:7A:36:42 a=setup:actpass a=mid:1 a=extmap:14 urn:ietf:params:rtp-hdrext:toffset a=extmap:2 http://www.webrtc.org/experiments/rtp-hdrext/abs-send-time a=extmap:13 urn:3gpp:video-orientation a=extmap:3 http://www.ietf.org/id/draft-holmer-rmcat-transport-wide-cc-extensions-01 a=extmap:12 http://www.webrtc.org/experiments/rtp-hdrext/playout-delay a=extmap:11 http://www.webrtc.org/experiments/rtp-hdrext/video-content-type a=extmap:7 http://www.webrtc.org/experiments/rtp-hdrext/video-timing a=extmap:8 http://www.webrtc.org/experiments/rtp-hdrext/color-space a=extmap:4 urn:ietf:params:rtp-hdrext:sdes:mid a=extmap:5 urn:ietf:params:rtp-hdrext:sdes:rtp-stream-id a=extmap:6 urn:ietf:params:rtp-hdrext:sdes:repaired-rtp-stream-id a=sendrecv a=msid:xlhFA5NOFj9VpQ7Z1ylg9jmfNytu6l7jTKhQ 906550e7-7a71-4c6a-a7ca-8f81fa0efe6c a=rtcp-mux a=rtcp-rsize a=rtpmap:96 VP8/90000 a=rtcp-fb:96 goog-remb a=rtcp-fb:96 transport-cc a=rtcp-fb:96 ccm fir a=rtcp-fb:96 nack a=rtcp-fb:96 nack pli a=rtpmap:97 rtx/90000 a=fmtp:97 apt=96 a=rtpmap:98 VP9/90000 a=rtcp-fb:98 goog-remb a=rtcp-fb:98 transport-cc a=rtcp-fb:98 ccm fir a=rtcp-fb:98 nack a=rtcp-fb:98 nack pli a=fmtp:98 profile-id=0 a=rtpmap:99 rtx/90000 a=fmtp:99 apt=98 a=rtpmap:100 VP9/90000 a=rtcp-fb:100 goog-remb a=rtcp-fb:100 transport-cc a=rtcp-fb:100 ccm fir a=rtcp-fb:100 nack a=rtcp-fb:100 nack pli a=fmtp:100 profile-id=2 a=rtpmap:101 rtx/90000 a=fmtp:101 apt=100 a=rtpmap:102 H264/90000 a=rtcp-fb:102 goog-remb a=rtcp-fb:102 transport-cc a=rtcp-fb:102 ccm fir a=rtcp-fb:102 nack a=rtcp-fb:102 nack pli a=fmtp:102 level-asymmetry-allowed=1;packetization-mode=1;profile-level-id=42001f a=rtpmap:121 rtx/90000 a=fmtp:121 apt=102 a=rtpmap:127 H264/90000 a=rtcp-fb:127 goog-remb a=rtcp-fb:127 transport-cc a=rtcp-fb:127 ccm fir a=rtcp-fb:127 nack a=rtcp-fb:127 nack pli a=fmtp:127 level-asymmetry-allowed=1;packetization-mode=0;profile-level-id=42001f a=rtpmap:120 rtx/90000 a=fmtp:120 apt=127 a=rtpmap:125 H264/90000 a=rtcp-fb:125 goog-remb a=rtcp-fb:125 transport-cc a=rtcp-fb:125 ccm fir a=rtcp-fb:125 nack a=rtcp-fb:125 nack pli a=fmtp:125 level-asymmetry-allowed=1;packetization-mode=1;profile-level-id=42e01f a=rtpmap:107 rtx/90000 a=fmtp:107 apt=125 a=rtpmap:108 H264/90000 a=rtcp-fb:108 goog-remb a=rtcp-fb:108 transport-cc a=rtcp-fb:108 ccm fir a=rtcp-fb:108 nack a=rtcp-fb:108 nack pli a=fmtp:108 level-asymmetry-allowed=1;packetization-mode=0;profile-level-id=42e01f a=rtpmap:109 rtx/90000 a=fmtp:109 apt=108 a=rtpmap:124 H264/90000 a=rtcp-fb:124 goog-remb a=rtcp-fb:124 transport-cc a=rtcp-fb:124 ccm fir a=rtcp-fb:124 nack a=rtcp-fb:124 nack pli a=fmtp:124 level-asymmetry-allowed=1;packetization-mode=1;profile-level-id=4d001f a=rtpmap:119 rtx/90000 a=fmtp:119 apt=124 a=rtpmap:123 H264/90000 a=rtcp-fb:123 goog-remb a=rtcp-fb:123 transport-cc a=rtcp-fb:123 ccm fir a=rtcp-fb:123 nack a=rtcp-fb:123 nack pli a=fmtp:123 level-asymmetry-allowed=1;packetization-mode=1;profile-level-id=64001f a=rtpmap:118 rtx/90000 a=fmtp:118 apt=123 a=rtpmap:114 red/90000 a=rtpmap:115 rtx/90000 a=fmtp:115 apt=114 a=rtpmap:116 ulpfec/90000 a=ssrc-group:FID 818575976 4014440443 a=ssrc:818575976 cname:JVCgjci5cC/oQHwi a=ssrc:818575976 msid:xlhFA5NOFj9VpQ7Z1ylg9jmfNytu6l7jTKhQ 906550e7-7a71-4c6a-a7ca-8f81fa0efe6c a=ssrc:818575976 mslabel:xlhFA5NOFj9VpQ7Z1ylg9jmfNytu6l7jTKhQ a=ssrc:818575976 label:906550e7-7a71-4c6a-a7ca-8f81fa0efe6c a=ssrc:4014440443 cname:JVCgjci5cC/oQHwi a=ssrc:4014440443 msid:xlhFA5NOFj9VpQ7Z1ylg9jmfNytu6l7jTKhQ 906550e7-7a71-4c6a-a7ca-8f81fa0efe6c a=ssrc:4014440443 mslabel:xlhFA5NOFj9VpQ7Z1ylg9jmfNytu6l7jTKhQ a=ssrc:4014440443 label:906550e7-7a71-4c6a-a7ca-8f81fa0efe6c
[72.765] pc1 setLocalDescription start
[72.772] pc1 setLocalDescription complete
[72.772] pc2 setRemoteDescription start
[72.937] pc2 received remote stream
[72.937] pc2 setRemoteDescription complete
[72.937] pc2 createAnswer start
[72.959] Answer from pc2: v=0 o=- 1094912348166165889 2 IN IP4 127.0.0.1 s=- t=0 0 a=group:BUNDLE 0 1 a=msid-semantic: WMS m=audio 9 UDP/TLS/RTP/SAVPF 111 103 104 9 0 8 106 105 13 110 112 113 126 c=IN IP4 0.0.0.0 a=rtcp:9 IN IP4 0.0.0.0 a=ice-ufrag:MIpG a=ice-pwd:yeUliWqTGocmk3MfGp8WnL4z a=ice-options:trickle a=fingerprint:sha-256 94:06:0A:3C:17:86:C7:D3:BB:3F:DE:D6:8D:4A:C6:FC:FE:08:69:86:74:22:B7:7A:58:2D:49:F0:3B:97:83:6B a=setup:active a=mid:0 a=extmap:1 urn:ietf:params:rtp-hdrext:ssrc-audio-level a=extmap:2 http://www.webrtc.org/experiments/rtp-hdrext/abs-send-time a=extmap:3 http://www.ietf.org/id/draft-holmer-rmcat-transport-wide-cc-extensions-01 a=extmap:4 urn:ietf:params:rtp-hdrext:sdes:mid a=extmap:5 urn:ietf:params:rtp-hdrext:sdes:rtp-stream-id a=extmap:6 urn:ietf:params:rtp-hdrext:sdes:repaired-rtp-stream-id a=recvonly a=rtcp-mux a=rtpmap:111 opus/48000/2 a=rtcp-fb:111 transport-cc a=fmtp:111 minptime=10;useinbandfec=1 a=rtpmap:103 ISAC/16000 a=rtpmap:104 ISAC/32000 a=rtpmap:9 G722/8000 a=rtpmap:0 PCMU/8000 a=rtpmap:8 PCMA/8000 a=rtpmap:106 CN/32000 a=rtpmap:105 CN/16000 a=rtpmap:13 CN/8000 a=rtpmap:110 telephone-event/48000 a=rtpmap:112 telephone-event/32000 a=rtpmap:113 telephone-event/16000 a=rtpmap:126 telephone-event/8000 m=video 9 UDP/TLS/RTP/SAVPF 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 121 127 120 125 107 108 109 124 119 123 118 114 115 116 c=IN IP4 0.0.0.0 a=rtcp:9 IN IP4 0.0.0.0 a=ice-ufrag:MIpG a=ice-pwd:yeUliWqTGocmk3MfGp8WnL4z a=ice-options:trickle a=fingerprint:sha-256 94:06:0A:3C:17:86:C7:D3:BB:3F:DE:D6:8D:4A:C6:FC:FE:08:69:86:74:22:B7:7A:58:2D:49:F0:3B:97:83:6B a=setup:active a=mid:1 a=extmap:14 urn:ietf:params:rtp-hdrext:toffset a=extmap:2 http://www.webrtc.org/experiments/rtp-hdrext/abs-send-time a=extmap:13 urn:3gpp:video-orientation a=extmap:3 http://www.ietf.org/id/draft-holmer-rmcat-transport-wide-cc-extensions-01 a=extmap:12 http://www.webrtc.org/experiments/rtp-hdrext/playout-delay a=extmap:11 http://www.webrtc.org/experiments/rtp-hdrext/video-content-type a=extmap:7 http://www.webrtc.org/experiments/rtp-hdrext/video-timing a=extmap:8 http://www.webrtc.org/experiments/rtp-hdrext/color-space a=extmap:4 urn:ietf:params:rtp-hdrext:sdes:mid a=extmap:5 urn:ietf:params:rtp-hdrext:sdes:rtp-stream-id a=extmap:6 urn:ietf:params:rtp-hdrext:sdes:repaired-rtp-stream-id a=recvonly a=rtcp-mux a=rtcp-rsize a=rtpmap:96 VP8/90000 a=rtcp-fb:96 goog-remb a=rtcp-fb:96 transport-cc a=rtcp-fb:96 ccm fir a=rtcp-fb:96 nack a=rtcp-fb:96 nack pli a=rtpmap:97 rtx/90000 a=fmtp:97 apt=96 a=rtpmap:98 VP9/90000 a=rtcp-fb:98 goog-remb a=rtcp-fb:98 transport-cc a=rtcp-fb:98 ccm fir a=rtcp-fb:98 nack a=rtcp-fb:98 nack pli a=fmtp:98 profile-id=0 a=rtpmap:99 rtx/90000 a=fmtp:99 apt=98 a=rtpmap:100 VP9/90000 a=rtcp-fb:100 goog-remb a=rtcp-fb:100 transport-cc a=rtcp-fb:100 ccm fir a=rtcp-fb:100 nack a=rtcp-fb:100 nack pli a=fmtp:100 profile-id=2 a=rtpmap:101 rtx/90000 a=fmtp:101 apt=100 a=rtpmap:102 H264/90000 a=rtcp-fb:102 goog-remb a=rtcp-fb:102 transport-cc a=rtcp-fb:102 ccm fir a=rtcp-fb:102 nack a=rtcp-fb:102 nack pli a=fmtp:102 level-asymmetry-allowed=1;packetization-mode=1;profile-level-id=42001f a=rtpmap:121 rtx/90000 a=fmtp:121 apt=102 a=rtpmap:127 H264/90000 a=rtcp-fb:127 goog-remb a=rtcp-fb:127 transport-cc a=rtcp-fb:127 ccm fir a=rtcp-fb:127 nack a=rtcp-fb:127 nack pli a=fmtp:127 level-asymmetry-allowed=1;packetization-mode=0;profile-level-id=42001f a=rtpmap:120 rtx/90000 a=fmtp:120 apt=127 a=rtpmap:125 H264/90000 a=rtcp-fb:125 goog-remb a=rtcp-fb:125 transport-cc a=rtcp-fb:125 ccm fir a=rtcp-fb:125 nack a=rtcp-fb:125 nack pli a=fmtp:125 level-asymmetry-allowed=1;packetization-mode=1;profile-level-id=42e01f a=rtpmap:107 rtx/90000 a=fmtp:107 apt=125 a=rtpmap:108 H264/90000 a=rtcp-fb:108 goog-remb a=rtcp-fb:108 transport-cc a=rtcp-fb:108 ccm fir a=rtcp-fb:108 nack a=rtcp-fb:108 nack pli a=fmtp:108 level-asymmetry-allowed=1;packetization-mode=0;profile-level-id=42e01f a=rtpmap:109 rtx/90000 a=fmtp:109 apt=108 a=rtpmap:124 H264/90000 a=rtcp-fb:124 goog-remb a=rtcp-fb:124 transport-cc a=rtcp-fb:124 ccm fir a=rtcp-fb:124 nack a=rtcp-fb:124 nack pli a=fmtp:124 level-asymmetry-allowed=1;packetization-mode=1;profile-level-id=4d0015 a=rtpmap:119 rtx/90000 a=fmtp:119 apt=124 a=rtpmap:123 H264/90000 a=rtcp-fb:123 goog-remb a=rtcp-fb:123 transport-cc a=rtcp-fb:123 ccm fir a=rtcp-fb:123 nack a=rtcp-fb:123 nack pli a=fmtp:123 level-asymmetry-allowed=1;packetization-mode=1;profile-level-id=640015 a=rtpmap:118 rtx/90000 a=fmtp:118 apt=123 a=rtpmap:114 red/90000 a=rtpmap:115 rtx/90000 a=fmtp:115 apt=114 a=rtpmap:116 ulpfec/90000
[72.959] pc2 setLocalDescription start
[72.960] pc1 addIceCandidate success
[72.961] pc1 addIceCandidate success
[72.961] pc1 addIceCandidate success
[72.964] pc1 addIceCandidate success
[72.964] pc1 addIceCandidate success
[72.964] pc1 addIceCandidate success
[72.964] pc1 addIceCandidate success
[72.965] pc1 addIceCandidate success
[72.965] pc1 addIceCandidate success
[72.965] pc1 addIceCandidate success
[72.965] pc1 addIceCandidate success
[72.965] pc1 addIceCandidate success
[72.965] pc1 addIceCandidate success
[73.292] pc2 setLocalDescription complete
[73.294] pc2 ICE state: checking
[73.294] ICE state change event:
[73.295] pc1 ICE state: checking
[73.295] ICE state change event:
[73.295] pc2 ICE state: connected
[73.295] ICE state change event:
[73.297] pc1 ICE state: connected
[73.297] ICE state change event:
[73.297] pc1 setRemoteDescription complete
[73.305] pc2 addIceCandidate success
[73.305] pc2 addIceCandidate success
[73.305] pc2 addIceCandidate success
[73.306] pc2 addIceCandidate success

本地连接等于是自己连自己,这里的核心方法是 call(), 它创建两个 PeerConnection -- pc1 和 pc 2,

 async function call() {
    callButton.disabled = true;
    hangupButton.disabled = false;
    weblog('Starting call');
    startTime = window.performance.now();
    const videoTracks = localStream.getVideoTracks();
    const audioTracks = localStream.getAudioTracks();
    if (videoTracks.length > 0) {
      weblog(`Using video device: ${videoTracks[0].label}`);
    }
    if (audioTracks.length > 0) {
      weblog(`Using audio device: ${audioTracks[0].label}`);
    }
    const configuration = getSelectedSdpSemantics();
    weblog('RTCPeerConnection configuration:', configuration);
    pc1 = new RTCPeerConnection(configuration);
    weblog('Created local peer connection object pc1');
    pc1.addEventListener('icecandidate', e => onIceCandidate(pc1, e));
    pc2 = new RTCPeerConnection(configuration);
    weblog('Created remote peer connection object pc2');
    pc2.addEventListener('icecandidate', e => onIceCandidate(pc2, e));
    pc1.addEventListener('iceconnectionstatechange', e => onIceStateChange(pc1, e));
    pc2.addEventListener('iceconnectionstatechange', e => onIceStateChange(pc2, e));
    pc2.addEventListener('track', gotRemoteStream);
  
    localStream.getTracks().forEach(track => pc1.addTrack(track, localStream));
    weblog('Added local stream to pc1');
  
    try {
      weblog('pc1 createOffer start');
      const offer = await pc1.createOffer(offerOptions);
      await onCreateOfferSuccess(offer);
    } catch (e) {
      onCreateSessionDescriptionError(e);
    }
  }
  

代码中的主要流程分两条线

  1. SDP 协商
如何创建 WebRTC 会话一
  1. ICE 检查
如何创建 WebRTC 会话一

注意 WebRTC 支持 "Trickling ICE" , 针对多个 candidate pair , 这个过程有多次

至此, 媒体连接搭建成功, 媒体流localStream 和 remoteStream 就可以互相传输了。

下一篇文章,再详细说说远程视频聊天的创建过程。

参考资料

  • >
  • https://webrtc.github.io/samples/
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