Android 9.0 安装包解析错误 java.lang.SecurityException: Permission Denial解决方案

时间:2021-7-4 作者:qvyue

在android 9.0自动下载更新时 遇到 安装包解析错误

Android 9.0 安装包解析错误 java.lang.SecurityException: Permission Denial解决方案
错误示例.png

在android 7.0使用的是同一套框架却没有问题?
然后通过adb命令抓取一下异常发现

12-18 19:21:32.665  4804  5604 W InstallStaging: java.lang.SecurityException: Permission Denial: reading android.support.v4.content.FileProvider uri content://com.***.***.update_app.file_provider/download/update/***.apk from pid=4804, uid=1000 requires the provider be exported, or grantUriPermission()
12-18 19:21:32.665  4804  5604 W InstallStaging:    at android.os.Parcel.createException(Parcel.java:1950)
12-18 19:21:32.665  4804  5604 W InstallStaging:    at android.os.Parcel.readException(Parcel.java:1918)
12-18 19:21:32.665  4804  5604 W InstallStaging:    at android.database.DatabaseUtils.readExceptionFromParcel(DatabaseUtils.java:183)
12-18 19:21:32.665  4804  5604 W InstallStaging:    at android.database.DatabaseUtils.readExceptionWithFileNotFoundExceptionFromParcel(DatabaseUtils.java:146)
12-18 19:21:32.665  4804  5604 W InstallStaging:    at android.content.ContentProviderProxy.openTypedAssetFile(ContentProviderNative.java:698)
12-18 19:21:32.665  4804  5604 W InstallStaging:    at android.content.ContentResolver.openTypedAssetFileDescriptor(ContentResolver.java:1459)
12-18 19:21:32.665  4804  5604 W InstallStaging:    at android.content.ContentResolver.openAssetFileDescriptor(ContentResolver.java:1296)
12-18 19:21:32.665  4804  5604 W InstallStaging:    at android.content.ContentResolver.openInputStream(ContentResolver.java:1016)
12-18 19:21:32.665  4804  5604 W InstallStaging:    at com.android.packageinstaller.InstallStaging$StagingAsyncTask.doInBackground(InstallStaging.java:167)
12-18 19:21:32.665  4804  5604 W InstallStaging:    at com.android.packageinstaller.InstallStaging$StagingAsyncTask.doInBackground(InstallStaging.java:160)
12-18 19:21:32.665  4804  5604 W InstallStaging:    at android.os.AsyncTask$2.call(AsyncTask.java:333)
12-18 19:21:32.665  4804  5604 W InstallStaging:    at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java:266)
12-18 19:21:32.665  4804  5604 W InstallStaging:    at android.os.AsyncTask$SerialExecutor$1.run(AsyncTask.java:245)
12-18 19:21:32.665  4804  5604 W InstallStaging:    at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1167)
12-18 19:21:32.665  4804  5604 W InstallStaging:    at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:641)
12-18 19:21:32.665  4804  5604 W InstallStaging:    at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:764)
private Intent installIntent(Context context, String path) {
        Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
        intent.addFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
        intent.addCategory(Intent.CATEGORY_DEFAULT);
        String fileProviderAuthority = getFileProviderAuthority(context);
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.N && null!= fileProviderAuthority) {
            Uri fileUri = FileProvider.getUriForFile(context, fileProviderAuthority, new File(path));
            intent.setDataAndType(fileUri, "application/vnd.android.package-archive");
            intent.addFlags(Intent.FLAG_GRANT_READ_URI_PERMISSION);
        } else {
            intent.setDataAndType(Uri.fromFile(new File(path)), "application/vnd.android.package-archive");
        }
        return intent;
    }

于是我就扒了一下源码对其进行修改

private Intent installIntent(Context context, String path) {
        Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
        intent.addFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
        intent.addCategory(Intent.CATEGORY_DEFAULT);
        String fileProviderAuthority = getFileProviderAuthority(context);
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.N && null!= fileProviderAuthority) {
            Uri fileUri = FileProvider.getUriForFile(context, fileProviderAuthority, new File(path));
            intent.setDataAndType(fileUri, "application/vnd.android.package-archive");
            grantUriPermission(getPackageName(), fileUri, Intent.FLAG_GRANT_READ_URI_PERMISSION);
            intent.addFlags(Intent.FLAG_GRANT_READ_URI_PERMISSION);
            intent.addFlags(Intent.FLAG_GRANT_PERSISTABLE_URI_PERMISSION);
        } else {
            intent.setDataAndType(Uri.fromFile(new File(path)), "application/vnd.android.package-archive");
        }
        return intent;
    }

测试通过,完美安装,没有出现解析失败问题

代码:


        //从源码下载的升级下载安装apk的服务
 
/**
 * Created by Sun on 2020/12/19.
 */
public class UpdateService extends Service {
    public static final String TAG = "UpdateService";
    public static final String ACTION = "me.shenfan.UPDATE_APP";
    public static final String STATUS = "status";
    public static final String PROGRESS = "progress";
    public static boolean DEBUG = false;

    //下载大小通知频率
    public static final int UPDATE_NUMBER_SIZE = 1;
    public static final int DEFAULT_RES_ID = -1;

    public static final int UPDATE_PROGRESS_STATUS = 0;
    public static final int UPDATE_ERROR_STATUS = -1;
    public static final int UPDATE_SUCCESS_STATUS = 1;

    //params
    private static final String URL = "downloadUrl";
    private static final String ICO_RES_ID = "icoResId";
    private static final String ICO_SMALL_RES_ID = "icoSmallResId";
    private static final String UPDATE_PROGRESS = "updateProgress";
    private static final String STORE_DIR = "storeDir";
    private static final String DOWNLOAD_NOTIFICATION_FLAG = "downloadNotificationFlag";
    private static final String DOWNLOAD_SUCCESS_NOTIFICATION_FLAG = "downloadSuccessNotificationFlag";
    private static final String DOWNLOAD_ERROR_NOTIFICATION_FLAG = "downloadErrorNotificationFlag";
    private static final String IS_SEND_BROADCAST = "isSendBroadcast";


    private String downloadUrl;
    private int icoResId;             //default app ico
    private int icoSmallResId;
    private int updateProgress;   //update notification progress when it add number
    private String storeDir;          //default sdcard/Android/package/update
    private int downloadNotificationFlag;
    private int downloadSuccessNotificationFlag;
    private int downloadErrorNotificationFlag;
    private boolean isSendBroadcast;

    private UpdateProgressListener updateProgressListener;
    private LocalBinder localBinder = new LocalBinder();

    /**
     * Class used for the client Binder.
     */
    public class LocalBinder extends Binder {
        /**
         * set update progress call back
         *
         * @param listener
         */
        public void setUpdateProgressListener(UpdateProgressListener listener) {
            UpdateService.this.setUpdateProgressListener(listener);
        }
    }


    private boolean startDownload;//开始下载
    private int lastProgressNumber;
    private NotificationCompat.Builder builder;
    private NotificationManager manager;
    private int notifyId;
    private String appName;
    private LocalBroadcastManager localBroadcastManager;
    private Intent localIntent;
    private DownloadApk downloadApkTask;

    /**
     * whether debug
     */
    public static void debug() {
        DEBUG = true;
    }

    private Intent installIntent(Context context, String path) {
        Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
        intent.addFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
        intent.addCategory(Intent.CATEGORY_DEFAULT);
        String fileProviderAuthority = getFileProviderAuthority(context);
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.N && null!= fileProviderAuthority) {
            Uri fileUri = FileProvider.getUriForFile(context, fileProviderAuthority, new File(path));
            intent.setDataAndType(fileUri, "application/vnd.android.package-archive");
            grantUriPermission(getPackageName(), fileUri, Intent.FLAG_GRANT_READ_URI_PERMISSION);
            intent.addFlags(Intent.FLAG_GRANT_READ_URI_PERMISSION);
            intent.addFlags(Intent.FLAG_GRANT_PERSISTABLE_URI_PERMISSION);
        } else {
            intent.setDataAndType(Uri.fromFile(new File(path)), "application/vnd.android.package-archive");
        }
        return intent;
    }

    /**
     * 获取FileProvider的auth
     */
    private static String getFileProviderAuthority(Context context) {
        try {
            for (ProviderInfo provider : context.getPackageManager().getPackageInfo(context.getPackageName(), PackageManager.GET_PROVIDERS).providers) {
                if (FileProvider.class.getName().equals(provider.name) && provider.authority.endsWith(".update_app.file_provider")) {
                    return provider.authority;
                }
            }
        } catch (PackageManager.NameNotFoundException ignore) {
        }
        return null;
    }

    private static Intent webLauncher(String downloadUrl) {
        Uri download = Uri.parse(downloadUrl);
        Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, download);
        intent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
        return intent;
    }

    private static String getSaveFileName(String downloadUrl) {
        if (downloadUrl == null || TextUtils.isEmpty(downloadUrl)) {
            return System.currentTimeMillis() + ".apk";
        }
        return downloadUrl.substring(downloadUrl.lastIndexOf("/"));
    }

    private static File getDownloadDir(UpdateService service) {
        File downloadDir = null;
        if (Environment.getExternalStorageState().equals(
                Environment.MEDIA_MOUNTED)) {
            if (service.storeDir != null) {
                downloadDir = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory(), service.storeDir);
            } else {
                downloadDir = new File(service.getExternalCacheDir(), "update");
            }
        } else {
            downloadDir = new File(service.getCacheDir(), "update");
        }
        if (!downloadDir.exists()) {
            downloadDir.mkdirs();
        }
        return downloadDir;
    }


    @Override
    public void onCreate() {
        super.onCreate();
        appName = getApplicationName();
    }

    @Override
    public int onStartCommand(Intent intent, int flags, int startId) {
        if (!startDownload && intent != null) {
            startDownload = true;
            downloadUrl = intent.getStringExtra(URL);
            icoResId = intent.getIntExtra(ICO_RES_ID, DEFAULT_RES_ID);
            icoSmallResId = intent.getIntExtra(ICO_SMALL_RES_ID, DEFAULT_RES_ID);
            storeDir = intent.getStringExtra(STORE_DIR);
            updateProgress = intent.getIntExtra(UPDATE_PROGRESS, UPDATE_NUMBER_SIZE);
            downloadNotificationFlag = intent.getIntExtra(DOWNLOAD_NOTIFICATION_FLAG, 0);
            downloadErrorNotificationFlag = intent.getIntExtra(DOWNLOAD_ERROR_NOTIFICATION_FLAG, 0);
            downloadSuccessNotificationFlag = intent.getIntExtra(DOWNLOAD_SUCCESS_NOTIFICATION_FLAG, 0);
            isSendBroadcast = intent.getBooleanExtra(IS_SEND_BROADCAST, false);


            if (DEBUG) {
                Log.d(TAG, "downloadUrl: " + downloadUrl);
                Log.d(TAG, "icoResId: " + icoResId);
                Log.d(TAG, "icoSmallResId: " + icoSmallResId);
                Log.d(TAG, "storeDir: " + storeDir);
                Log.d(TAG, "updateProgress: " + updateProgress);
                Log.d(TAG, "downloadNotificationFlag: " + downloadNotificationFlag);
                Log.d(TAG, "downloadErrorNotificationFlag: " + downloadErrorNotificationFlag);
                Log.d(TAG, "downloadSuccessNotificationFlag: " + downloadSuccessNotificationFlag);
                Log.d(TAG, "isSendBroadcast: " + isSendBroadcast);
            }

            notifyId = startId;
            buildNotification();
            buildBroadcast();
            downloadApkTask = new DownloadApk(this);
            downloadApkTask.execute(downloadUrl);
        }
        return super.onStartCommand(intent, flags, startId);
    }

    @Nullable
    @Override
    public IBinder onBind(Intent intent) {
        return localBinder;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onUnbind(Intent intent) {
        return true;
    }

    public void setUpdateProgressListener(UpdateProgressListener updateProgressListener) {
        this.updateProgressListener = updateProgressListener;
    }

    @Override
    public void onDestroy() {
        if (downloadApkTask != null) {
            downloadApkTask.cancel(true);
        }

        if (updateProgressListener != null) {
            updateProgressListener = null;
        }
        localIntent = null;
        builder = null;

        super.onDestroy();
    }

    public String getApplicationName() {
        PackageManager packageManager = null;
        ApplicationInfo applicationInfo = null;
        try {
            packageManager = getApplicationContext().getPackageManager();
            applicationInfo = packageManager.getApplicationInfo(getPackageName(), 0);
        } catch (PackageManager.NameNotFoundException e) {
            applicationInfo = null;
        }
        String applicationName =
                (String) packageManager.getApplicationLabel(applicationInfo);
        return applicationName;
    }

    private void buildBroadcast() {
        if (!isSendBroadcast) {
            return;
        }
        localBroadcastManager = LocalBroadcastManager.getInstance(this);
        localIntent = new Intent(ACTION);
    }

    private void sendLocalBroadcast(int status, int progress) {
        if (!isSendBroadcast || localIntent == null) {
            return;
        }
        localIntent.putExtra(STATUS, status);
        localIntent.putExtra(PROGRESS, progress);
        localBroadcastManager.sendBroadcast(localIntent);
    }

    private void buildNotification() {
        manager = (NotificationManager) getSystemService(NOTIFICATION_SERVICE);
        builder = new NotificationCompat.Builder(this);
        builder.setContentTitle(getString(R.string.update_app_model_prepare, appName))
                .setWhen(System.currentTimeMillis())
                .setProgress(100, 1, false)
                .setSmallIcon(icoSmallResId)
                .setLargeIcon(BitmapFactory.decodeResource(
                        getResources(), icoResId))
                .setDefaults(downloadNotificationFlag);

        manager.notify(notifyId, builder.build());
    }

    private void start() {
        builder.setContentTitle(appName);
        builder.setContentText(getString(R.string.update_app_model_progress, 1, "%"));
        //setChannelId 必须添加否则不能在通知栏显示(Android 8.0)
        builder.setChannelId(getPackageName());
        manager.notify(notifyId, builder.build());
        sendLocalBroadcast(UPDATE_PROGRESS_STATUS, 1);
        if (updateProgressListener != null) {
            updateProgressListener.start();
        }
    }

    /**
     * @param progress download percent , max 100
     */
    private void update(int progress) {
        if (progress - lastProgressNumber > updateProgress) {
            lastProgressNumber = progress;
            builder.setProgress(100, progress, false);
            builder.setContentText(getString(R.string.update_app_model_progress, progress, "%"));
            manager.notify(notifyId, builder.build());
            sendLocalBroadcast(UPDATE_PROGRESS_STATUS, progress);
            if (updateProgressListener != null) {
                updateProgressListener.update(progress);
            }
        }
    }

    private void success(String path) {
        builder.setProgress(0, 0, false);
        builder.setContentText(getString(R.string.update_app_model_success));
        Intent i = installIntent(this, path);
        PendingIntent intent = PendingIntent.getActivity(this, 0, i, PendingIntent.FLAG_UPDATE_CURRENT);
        builder.setContentIntent(intent);
        builder.setDefaults(downloadSuccessNotificationFlag);
        Notification n = builder.build();
        n.contentIntent = intent;
        manager.notify(notifyId, n);
        sendLocalBroadcast(UPDATE_SUCCESS_STATUS, 100);
        if (updateProgressListener != null) {
            updateProgressListener.success();
        }
        startActivity(i);
        stopSelf();
    }

    private void error() {
        Intent i = webLauncher(downloadUrl);
        PendingIntent intent = PendingIntent.getActivity(this, 0, i,
                PendingIntent.FLAG_UPDATE_CURRENT);
        builder.setContentText(getString(R.string.update_app_model_error));
        builder.setContentIntent(intent);
        builder.setProgress(0, 0, false);
        builder.setDefaults(downloadErrorNotificationFlag);
        Notification n = builder.build();
        n.contentIntent = intent;
        manager.notify(notifyId, n);
        sendLocalBroadcast(UPDATE_ERROR_STATUS, -1);
        if (updateProgressListener != null) {
            updateProgressListener.error();
        }
        stopSelf();
    }

    private static class DownloadApk extends AsyncTask {

        private WeakReference updateServiceWeakReference;

        public DownloadApk(UpdateService service) {
            updateServiceWeakReference = new WeakReference(service);
        }

        @Override
        protected void onPreExecute() {
            super.onPreExecute();
            UpdateService service = updateServiceWeakReference.get();
            if (service != null) {
                service.start();
            }
        }

        @Override
        protected String doInBackground(String... params) {

            final String downloadUrl = params[0];

            final File file = new File(UpdateService.getDownloadDir(updateServiceWeakReference.get()),
                    UpdateService.getSaveFileName(downloadUrl));
            if (DEBUG) {
                Log.d(TAG, "download url is " + downloadUrl);
                Log.d(TAG, "download apk cache at " + file.getAbsolutePath());
            }
            File dir = file.getParentFile();
            if (!dir.exists()) {
                dir.mkdirs();
            }

            HttpURLConnection httpConnection = null;
            InputStream is = null;
            FileOutputStream fos = null;
            int updateTotalSize = 0;
            URL url;
            try {
                url = new URL(downloadUrl);
                httpConnection = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
                httpConnection.setConnectTimeout(20000);
                httpConnection.setReadTimeout(20000);

                if (DEBUG) {
                    Log.d(TAG, "download status code: " + httpConnection.getResponseCode());
                }

                if (httpConnection.getResponseCode() != 200) {
                    return null;
                }

                updateTotalSize = httpConnection.getContentLength();

                if (file.exists()) {
                    if (updateTotalSize == file.length()) {
                        // 下载完成
                        return file.getAbsolutePath();
                    } else {
                        file.delete();
                    }
                }
                file.createNewFile();
                is = httpConnection.getInputStream();
                fos = new FileOutputStream(file, false);
                byte buffer[] = new byte[4096];

                int readSize = 0;
                int currentSize = 0;

                while ((readSize = is.read(buffer)) > 0) {
                    fos.write(buffer, 0, readSize);
                    currentSize += readSize;
                    publishProgress((currentSize * 100 / updateTotalSize));
                }
                // download success
            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
                return null;
            } finally {
                if (httpConnection != null) {
                    httpConnection.disconnect();
                }
                if (is != null) {
                    try {
                        is.close();
                    } catch (IOException e) {
                        e.printStackTrace();
                    }
                }
                if (fos != null) {
                    try {
                        fos.close();
                    } catch (IOException e) {
                        e.printStackTrace();
                    }
                }
            }
            return file.getAbsolutePath();
        }

        @Override
        protected void onProgressUpdate(Integer... values) {
            super.onProgressUpdate(values);
            if (DEBUG) {
                Log.d(TAG, "current progress is " + values[0]);
            }
            UpdateService service = updateServiceWeakReference.get();
            if (service != null) {
                service.update(values[0]);
            }
        }

        @Override
        protected void onPostExecute(String s) {
            super.onPostExecute(s);
            UpdateService service = updateServiceWeakReference.get();
            if (service != null) {
                if (s != null) {
                    service.success(s);
                } else {
                    service.error();
                }
            }
        }
    }


    /**
     * a builder class helper use UpdateService
     */
    public static class Builder {

        private String downloadUrl;
        private int icoResId = DEFAULT_RES_ID;             //default app ico
        private int icoSmallResId = DEFAULT_RES_ID;
        private int updateProgress = UPDATE_NUMBER_SIZE;   //update notification progress when it add number
        private String storeDir;          //default sdcard/Android/package/update
        private int downloadNotificationFlag;
        private int downloadSuccessNotificationFlag;
        private int downloadErrorNotificationFlag;
        private boolean isSendBroadcast;

        protected Builder(String downloadUrl) {
            this.downloadUrl = downloadUrl;
        }

        public static Builder create(String downloadUrl) {
            if (downloadUrl == null) {
                throw new NullPointerException("downloadUrl == null");
            }
            return new Builder(downloadUrl);
        }

        public String getDownloadUrl() {
            return downloadUrl;
        }

        public int getIcoResId() {
            return icoResId;
        }

        public Builder setIcoResId(int icoResId) {
            this.icoResId = icoResId;
            return this;
        }

        public int getIcoSmallResId() {
            return icoSmallResId;
        }

        public Builder setIcoSmallResId(int icoSmallResId) {
            this.icoSmallResId = icoSmallResId;
            return this;
        }

        public int getUpdateProgress() {
            return updateProgress;
        }

        public Builder setUpdateProgress(int updateProgress) {
            if (updateProgress 
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